What is a heat pump? Heat pumps transfer heat from one place to another.
Air source heat pumps move heat between the air inside a home and the air outside a home, while ground source heat pumps (known as geothermal heat pumps) transfer heat between the air inside a home and the ground outside a home. We will focus on air source heat pumps, but the basic operation is the same for both. A typical air source heat pump system consists of two major components, an outdoor unit (which looks just like the outdoor unit of a split-system air conditioning system) and an indoor air handler unit. Both the indoor and outdoor unit contain various important sub-components.
A heat pump condenser is unique in that it can heat or cool depending on the weather and the setting on your thermostat. An AC Condenser only cools. The heat pump in heat pump condenser units can be used to cool your space during the summer months but then is reversed during cold weather in order to heat your home. Pairing a heat pump with either an electric or gas furnace, depending on your location, will help lower your utility bills and boost your efficiency.